What counts as a 'critical' indigenous text? In my opinion, the text must be critical across the board, reassessing writing from indigenous and non-indigenous scholars alike. It must be methodological, and theoretically challenging, pushing thinking in new directions. It cannot accept status-quo formulations. It should express world-historic content in some sense, without being overtly/overly pan-indigenist or universalist.
The following list is very much focused on Canada and North America, and it is largely culled from my new book, Maps and Memes 2015, McGill-Queen's University Press:
1. Smith Linda-Tuhiwai 1999 Decolonizing Methodologies London: Zed
This book inspired the title of my master's thesis (Decolonizing Geographic Information Systems, with Simon Dalby supervising). It was re-issued a couple of years ago, and remains a corner-stone in indigenous methodologies, with implications for indigenous studies, qualitative research, mapping-as-power, and much more. The approach uses Foucault and Lefebvre to theorize indigenous approaches to research, with specific focus on the Maori.
2. Harris Cole 2002 Making Native Space Vancouver: UBC Press
3. Archibald Jo-Ann 2008 Indigenous Storywork: Educating the Heart, Mind, Body and Spirit Vancouver: UBC Press
This scholarly work makes use of stories to illustrate methods for producing sensitive research by, with, and for indigenous and First Nations peoples.
4. Kovach Margaret 2009 Indigenous Methodologies: Characteristics, Conversations, and Contexts Toronto: University of Toronto Press
This innovative work positions itself by weaving together stories of indigenous research. It also has a wonderful sense of the author's own position in the research process, giving the book a sense of deep integrity
5. Niezen Ronald 2009 The Rediscovered Self: Indigenous Identity and Cultural Justice Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press
Ron Niezen was at the 2011 Annual Association and Anthropologists meeting in Montreal. I attended his talk "Routes of Exposure: Public Mediation of Indigenous Rights Claims" and asked a question afterwards. He pointed me to his chapter on indigenous suicide and epidemiology in Healing Traditions (Kirmayer and Valaskakis, 2009, UBC Press). This got me started in the direction that would result in the final shape of my book Maps and Memes. All of this occurred after Niezen had attended my PhD defense at McGill University, with Bjorn Sletto, George Wenzel, and Andre Costopoulos in attendance. The Rediscovered Self covers a range of Niezen's important thought.
6. Hall Anthony 2011 Earth Into Property: Colonization, Decolonization and Capitalism Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press
7. Escobar Arturo 2008 Territories of Difference: Place, Movements, Life, Redes Durham: Duke University Press
8. Johnson Leslie 2010 Trail of Story, Traveller's Path Edmonton: Athabasca University Press
Leslie Johnson explicitly include GIS in her ethnoecological approach to indigenous knowledge. What is so refreshing about this book is that it brings home the idea that GIS is not epistemologically opposed to indigenous knowledge. Core structures and 'primitives' cross-over and pollinate each other in a complex and very sophisticated interplay of ideas and connotations about the place of mapping, practices, and knowledge systems in landscapes and their formation.
9. Lewis Malcolm (ed) 1998 Cartographic Encounters: Perspectives on Native American Mapmaking and Map Use Chicago: University of Chicago Press
This is the only dedicated cartographic text listed here. It covers indigenous mapping from an historical/North American perspective and is absolutely essential as both an indigenous-oriented and cartographic text.
10. Mark David Turk Andrew Burenhult Niclas and Stea David (eds) 2011 Landscape in Language: Transdisciplinary Perspectives Amsterdam: John Benjamins
The first word that springs to mind here is 'ontologies' for some reason, but that could just be my own background working at McGill with people like Renee Sieber and Christopher Wellen.
I first met David Mark along with Claudio Aporta and others in Renee Sieber's apartment in Montreal. Mark has a wise and humorous presence, in the most respectful of senses. He is an intriguing speaker and thinker, and his work resonates with that of Stephen Levinson, and others. It is very much on the linguistic side of mapping, but not at all inaccessible.